Blood is the red coloured fluid flowing continuously in our body’s circulatory system. About 1/12th of the body weight of a healthy individual is blood. On an average there are about 5 – 6 litres of blood present.
Blood contains mainly a fluid called plasma in which are suspended cellular elements. Three types of cells: Red Blood Cells or RBC’s, White Blood Cells or WBC’s and Platelets form the cellular element.
(a) Plasma: acts as a vehicle to carry many substances like glucose, fats and proteins, enzymes and hormones, etc., in addition to the blood cells.
(b) Red Cells: carry oxygen from lungs to various body tissues and take back carbon dioxide from the cells and tissues to be thrown out of body in the form of exhaled air.
(c) White cells: mainly act as body scavengers and guards. They help in the immune system of the body and act as defense forces of the body, killing the bacteria or any other organisms entering the body.
(d) Platelets: help in the clotting and coagulation of blood. We have experienced in our life that whenever we get injured the bleeding stops after a few minutes. This is brought about by a mechanism called clotting of blood in which platelets plays a very vital role.
Blood consists of RBCs, WBCs, platelets suspended in plasmIn early embryonic life blood cells are formed in liver and spleen. But by the fifth month the Haemotopoiesis (i.e., formation of blood) occurs in bone marrow and lymphatic tissues. At birth the entire bone marrow is red and active. Gradually as the child grows, the marrow remains red only in the flat bones and vertebrae. The RBC, granulocytes of WBC and platelets are produced mainly by bone marrow. The lymphocytes, monocytes, plasma cells are formed in the lymphoid and Reticuloendothelial tissues. The orderly proliferation of the cells in the bone marrow and their release into circulation is carefully regulated according to the needs of body. Every day, new blood cells are being produced in the bone marrow and every day old cells are dying and being removed from the body.
Red blood cells have a life of 120 days and when it becomes old and senile it is thrown out. White cells & Platelets live for few days. Thus, daily new cells are added to the circulation and old are removed from it.
Both Whole Blood & Packed Red Blood Cells (PRBC) provide for increment in Hemoglobin by 1gm%. However, Red Cells do not give unwanted extra volume. Also because entire plasma is removed from PRBC, there are fewer allergic reactions.
Hemoglobin is a substance present in the red cells. It is helpful in carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide. On an average, in a healthy male it should be between 12-17 gm % and in a female it should be about 12-15 gm %. This is also being daily synthesized and the new is replacing the old stock.
Every individual has many blood group antigens but mostly two types of blood group antigens are of clinical relevance. The first belong to ABO group and the second Rh group.
In the ABO group there are four categories namely A Group, B Group, O Group and AB Group.
In the Rh Group either the individual is Rh-positive, or Rh-negative. Rh is a factor called as Rhesus factor.
Thus, each and every human being will fall in one of the following groups.
For all practical and routine purposes, it is ideal to transfuse to the patient the same group of blood which he belongs to. O group is considered universal donor and AB group as universal recipient.
A patient with Rh-negative blood cannot be given Rh-positive PRBC as the patient may develop antibodies.
Yes! Now with technical advancements, we can make components of blood. Following components are in common use:
RBC can be stored up to 42 days, when kept in anti coagulant solution and refrigerated at 2-4° Centigrade. But the demand is so great that blood hardly ever remains in storage for so long and is used much before expiry. The various blood components can be stored as under.
Blood is collected in plastic bags which contain a watery fluid which prevents blood from getting coagulated. On an average we draw about 350 ml of blood from a person. This blood, plus the amount of anti coagulant present in the bag, is known as one unit of blood.
It takes around 1.5 hours to do a routine cross-match & around twenty minutes to do an emergency cross-match. for emergencies we do an abbreviated cross-match by rapid spin technique, which is quicker, but also less sensitive, It should be therefore used only for life-saving emergencies.
Sorry! We don’t.
Cancellation charges are taken towards the compatibility procedures and logistics. For example the FFP, once thawed and not used, is no longer FFP.
|PACKED RED BLOOD CELLS (PRBC)||Rs.1450/EACH|
|NAT TESTED||Rs. 750/EACH|
|PLATELETS CONCENTRATE (PC)||Rs.1000/EACH|
|FRESH FROZEN PLASMA (FFP)||Rs.700/EACH|
|APHERESIS PLATELETS / JUMBO PACK||Rs.12000/EACH|
|PEDIATRIC RED BLOOD CELLS||Rs. 1450/- +100/FOR SEALING|
|Rs. 500 FOR EACH SUBSEQUENT|
|NAT TESTED PEDIATRIC PRBC||Rs. 2200/- +100/FOR SEALING|
|Rs. 500 FOR EACH SUBSEQUENT|
|COMPONENT CANCELLATION||Rs. 250/EACH|
|DUPLICATE BILL||Rs. 50/EACH|
|LEUCOCYTE FILTER (DOUBLE)||Rs. 850/EACH|
|LEUCOCYTE FILTER (SINGLE)||Rs. 750/EACH|
|HEMOGLOBIN / BLOOD GROUP||Rs. 50/EACH|
|SCREENING TEST (CHEMI)||Rs. 500/EACH|
|SCREENING TEST (NAT)||Rs. 750/EACH|
|SCREENING TEST (CHEMI+NAT)||Rs. 1250/EACH|
There are many situations in which patients need blood to stay alive:
Yes. ALL the blood in the blood bank is tested for following, using the latest technology:
Please note that test results are highly confidential and not shared with anyone. In case of identification of any disease, the donor is notified in a confidential way so that he can see some concerned specialist for proper treatment & guidance.
The following symptoms may occur after only a few ‘ml’ of blood have been given:
(1) PROFESSIONAL DONORS – They sell their blood, which can be infectious and can transmit very dangerous diseases to the recipient. It is illegal to take blood from any professional donor.
(2) REPLACEMENT DONORS – Healthy relatives and friends of the patient give their blood, of any group, to the blood bank. In exchange, the required number of units in the required blood group is given.
(3) VOLUNTARY DONORS - Here a donor donates blood voluntarily. The blood can be used for any patient even without divulging the identity of the donor. This is the best type of blood donation where a motivated human being gives blood in an act of selfless service.
(4) DIRECTED DONORS - Donations of the same blood group are made for a specific patient by a friend or family member with a doctor's prescription.
(5) AUTOLOGOUS DONORS - These are the donations that individuals give for their own use with a doctor's prescription - for example, before a surgery.
Donating blood is safe and simple. We use only totally sterile disposable blood bags and needles. The actual donation process works like this:
Any person within the age group of 18-65 years with a body weight as minimum 45kgs and having hemoglobin content as minimum 12.5 gm%. There are other criteria to which our Doctor will ask you During medical examination.
We want your donation experience to be pleasant. Please remember:
Eat well-balanced food before you donate. You should not be on an empty stomach.
Tell us the name and dosage of any medications you are taking. Medications will not keep you from donating, but the reason for taking them might.
The procedure is done by skilled, specially trained doctors/nurses and takes three to eight minutes. However, from start to finish (filling form, post donation rest, etc) the entire process should take 30 to 40 minutes.
There may be a little sting when the needle is inserted, but there should be no pain during the donation.
Absolutely not, rather a donor after having given blood voluntarily gets a feeling of great pleasure, peace and bliss. Soon, within a period of 24-48 hours, the same amount of new blood gets formed in the body, which helps the donor in many ways. His own body resistance improves, the circulation improves, and he himself feels healthier than before.
Yes. The donor needs rest, preferably lying down, so that the amount of blood that has been donated soon gets poured into the circulation from the body pools in a natural way. The donor should take it easy for about 10-15 minutes.
Of course! Routine work is absolutely fine after the initial rest. Rigorous physical work should be avoided for a few hours.
After resting for a while a donor is given some liquid (fluid) to take. It may be fruit juice along with a few biscuits or fruit. The donor needs no other special diet. A routine balanced diet is adequate. The donor’s blood gets replenished within 24-48 hours.
The body replaces blood volume or plasma within 24 hours. Red cells need about four to six weeks for complete replacement. That’s why at least eight weeks are required between whole blood donations.
As per NACO guidelines a person can donate whole blood after every three months. Platelet Apheresis dontion can be done maximum 24 times a years.
There are many conditions in which we advise not to donate blood. These health conditions could mean that you may not be able to temporarily donate either for a period of 6 months, one year or may also mean that you may never donate blood. These conditions are essential for your safety and also for the safety of those receiving blood. Mentioned below are the deferral conditions.
Permanent Deferral (Life Long) :
Temporary Deferral (1 year) :
Temporary Deferral :
For Female Donors :
Yes, blood donation is a noble, selfless service! It gives the donor a feeling of joy and contentment. Also this is an expression of love for Mankind, as blood knows no caste, colour, creed, religion or race, country, continent or sex.